Once it was called "Peronio", because they sold clogs and ankle boots called in Latin "perones" near a column. This Romanesque column, still visible at the entrance of via Breda, is surmounted by a capital at the corners of which are depicted a pumpkin, a palm tree, a melocotogno, a pear tree. Above the capital there is a parallelepiped in Istrian stone, in which the coat of arms of the city of Padua is depicted, that is, a shield with a cross and San Prosdocimo, the first bishop of the city. In the square, on the day of the "zobia masa", that is, on the first Thursday of May, the Fraglia degli "strazzaroli", junk dealers and dealers of used stuff, gave a show with the tree of the cuccagna. The prize consisted of a bag and gloves, which was why it was called the "Festa della Borsa".
In the lively Piazza della Frutta, fish and game, eggs and poultry, roasted meat such as porchetta and cooked ox feet, herbs, that is to say vegetables, and finally precious birds such as falcons were sold. Also in this case the two stairs through which one entered the Palazzo della Ragione took their name from the goods displayed and sold and were thus called Scala delle Erbe and Scala degli Osei.
From the end of the 12th century, the popular fruit and vegetable market still takes place there, with wooden stalls on wheels.